425.601 - Principles and Applications of Energy Technology
The course examines energy supply and consumption, and how these activities impact the environment, with a focus on understanding the potential technology, market structure and policy implications for climate change. Students will gain a solid understanding of the science, economics, environmental impact associated with various electricity generation technologies, including renewable energy, conventional generation (existing and future), carbon storage and sequestration, and electricity storage. Transportation topics will address a variety of technologies, including hybrids and fuels cells, as well as the potential role for alternative fuels, including biofuels. Climate change and the potential impact and mitigation of carbon dioxide will be considered throughout the course.
425.602 - Science of Climate Change and its Impact
The course begins examining the basic processes of the climate system. The course, then, moves to the study of the changing climate. While natural changes will be studied, the emphasis will be on anthropogenic climate change. Various models for predicting future climate change will be presented, including the assumptions and uncertainties embedded in each model. The regional climate impacts and impacts on subsystems will be examined, including changes in rainfall patterns, loss of ice cover and changes in sea level. The possible ecological effects of these predicted changes will also be examined
425.603 - Climate Change Policy Analysis
After a study at the historical development of climate change policy, this course analyzes current policy options for mitigating for and adapting to long-term climate change. The course will examine various approaches available in the US for national level policy, including the regulatory approach and the market-based approaches, particularly cap-and-trade and carbon taxation. Various models for designing a cap and trade system will be studied, including the European experience and regional programs in the United States. Special attention will be paid to methods for setting initial prices and accounting for discounts. The course will focus primarily on national level carbon management policies, but international agreements will also be included, as well as equity considerations on a global level.
425.604 - Energy & Climate Finance
Energy and Climate Finance introduces students to environmental markets and the policies that create them, focusing mainly on emissions trading systems (ETS) to mitigate climate change. The course also provides an introduction to attributes of the financial sector through its analysis of markets for environmental commodities. Students learn the economic theory behind market-based environmental policy instruments such as tradable renewable energy credits, carbon offsets, and water rights in a semester of lectures featuring presentations from practitioners including state and federal government, private companies subject to market-based emissions regulation, commodity brokers and representatives from international institutions.
425.800 - Capstone Project in Energy Policy and Climate
The capstone project enables students to apply and synthesize the material learned in other courses, develop expertise on a specific topic related to climate change science or policy, work closely with experts in the field of study, and improve professional writing and presentation skills. In the semester prior to conducting the project, students must identify a project topic and mentor who is both familiar with the chosen topic and willing to guide and oversee the project. The mentor may be a faculty member teaching in the program, a supervisor from the student's place of work, or any expert with appropriate credentials. Formal proposals must be submitted at least two weeks prior to the start of the semester in which the project is to be completed. The proposal must be reviewed by the associate program chair prior to enrollment in the course. Permission of Instruction required.
425.605 - Introduction to Energy Law & Policy
This course will cover the major types of regulation and market oversight that apply to energy systems. Topics covered will include extraction of oil and gas; siting and regulation of infrastructures; operation and control of the international market for crude oil and products; major environmental regulations that apply to the energy sector, the formulation of legal frameworks to regulate renewable energy sources, and the implications of new climate change and renewable energy mandates for the electric power sector. Most of the course will be empirical, but attention will be given to major theories of market failure as well as theories from political economy that explain when, why, and how governments regulate energy systems, as well as how energy issues are entangled in deeper social and environmental contexts. The focus in this course will be on energy law and policymaking in the United States.
425.621 - Applications of Remote Sensing to Climate
Remote sensing is becoming an increasingly important component of studying the climate system. This course surveys the physical basis for the primary remote sensing techniques used to study the climate system. Both active and passive systems will be surveyed. In addition, many of the main applications of these data to the climate problem will be examined. Prerequisite: Science of Climate Change and Its Impacts
425.623 - Transportation Policy in a Carbon-constrained World
This course examines how transportation decisions and policy can affect climate change, and the transportation solutions available to help solve the problem of climate change. Three sets of policies are examined that can reduce GHGs from the transportation sectorcleaner vehicles, low GHG-emitting fuels and better management of travel demand. Each policy is covered in detail in this course. Prerequisites: Science of Climate Change and Its Impacts, Climate Change Policy Analysis
425.624 - Wind Energy:Science, Technology and Policy
Topics include the assessment of wind resources, basic principles of wind turbines and power transmission, electricity markets and wind power, technological and economic aspects of storage of intermittent wind power, legal issues at state and federal levels, international water issues, and environmental impact assessment processes for wind developments. Prerequisite: Energy Production Technologies
425.625 - Solar Energy:Science, Technology & Policy
This course focuses on the two primary solar technologies in the contemporary market; photovoltaic cells (PV) and concentrated solar power (CSP), with a focus on PV. The course will investigate techniques for increasing efficiency, expanding storage and decreasing price. Solar energy for use as both distributed and grid-independent resources is considered. The course covers science and technologies as well as the environmental impact of solar technologies. Additionally, the course examines the market structure considerations for solar technology development. Prerequisite: Energy Production Technologies.
425.626 - Alternative Fuels:Science,Technology & Policy
This course will examine the significant proposed alternatives to conventional fuels and discuss the economic and environmental factors associated with the production, distribution, and use of these alternative fuels. Students will learn the technical and systemic barriers to the adoption of alternative fuels. Prerequisite: Energy Production Technologies.
425.627 - Conventional Energy Generation and Climate Change Policy
Coal, natural gas, and nuclear technologies provide the majority of existing electric power and will be an important part of future energy mix. Adjusting these technologies to reduce their climate impact is a challenge. The course will cover the possible future technologies related to these sources as well as the technological, policy, and economic barriers to making the necessary changes in conventional power generation. The role of carbon capture and sequestration from coal as well as the potential of integrated gasification combined cycle will be covered in depth. In addition, the environmental challenges from increased nuclear power generation will be examined.
425.628 - Renewable Energy Project Development and Finance
This course examines the legal and regulatory issues associated with renewable energy projects (wind, solar, geothermal, etc ). Various ownership arrangements and contract agreements for successful development and financing will be examined. The federal and state level regulatory structure governing renewable energy project development and finance will be studied. Prerequisite: Carbon Management and Finance
425.629 - Energy Efficiency: Demand Side Options
The focus of this course is reduction of energy use on the demand side with focus on buildings (their structure, design, the contents, e.g., refrigerators, standards, integration) and communities, and to a lesser extent industry technologies (e.g., timber, concrete). The course will also cover general concepts in demand side management and the benefits and implementation of a smart grid system. The course covers both technology and policy of energy efficiency. Prerequisite: Science of Climate Change and Its Impacts, Climate Change Policy Analysis.
425.630 - Cities and Climate Change
This course looks at the energy demands of cities and potential for alternative energy production in the urban context. Local level government climate policy options are also examined, including land use policies, building practices, green infrastructure, city-owned power facilities, local level offsets, and urban-based Clean Development Mechanisms. Adaptation policies for cities are also studied. Prerequisites: Science of Climate Change and Its Impacts, Climate Change Policy Analysis.
425.631 - Ecological Impacts of Climate Change
In this course, students study ecosystem responses to climate change. The course will investigate how various climate related stresses alter both ecosystem structure and function. The analysis will be at multiple scales and locations. The topics include species change, shifts in range and distribution, seasonal shifts, fire and ecosystem response. Also included is the study of techniques that are used to understand how ecosystems are changing in response to human-induced climate change. Prerequisite: Science of Climate Change and Its Impacts.
425.632 - Water Resources and Climate Change
The future effects of climate change on water resources will be significant. This course focuses on the potential effects of climate change on hydrology and water resources of the nation with emphasis on several major water basins such as the Colorado, Mississippi, and Columbia rivers. Course assesses changes of the basins’ water resources by comparing simulated hydrologic and water resources scenarios derived from downscaled climate simulations. Also, impacts on water management of the climate change related uncertainty will be stressed. Implementation of adaptation measures, such as water conservation, use of markets to allocate water, and the application of appropriate management practices will have an important role to play in determining the impacts of climate change on water resources. Prerequisites: Science of Climate Change and Its Impacts.
425.633 - Ocean Issues and Global Climate Change
The course looks at the most important issues facing the world's oceans as a result of the changing climate. The topics are addressed from a science-policy perspective. Topics include ocean acidification, sea level rise, saltwater intrusion into coastal aquifers, and collapse of ocean fisheries, among others. Prerequisite: Science of Climate Change and Its Impacts.
425.634 - Climate Change and Human Health
This course examines the potential impacts on human health from global climate change and the possible responses to and adaptations for these impacts. Topics include impacts on health of climate extremes, climate change and infectious diseases, health and climate refugees, national assessments of health impacts of climate change, monitoring the health effects of climate change, and public health policies for climate change. Prerequisite: Science of Climate Change and Its Impacts.
425.635 - Climate Modeling Techniques
The course is a survey of the history of climate modeling and also includes current modeling techniques. Students will understand the strengths and weaknesses of each climate model and how well climate models capture various processes. This class emphasizes the climate models prediction for the future with special attention to global level predictions. Prerequisite: Science of Climate Change and Its Impacts.
425.637 - International Climate Change Policy
This course focuses on the international frameworks for responding to climate change. It includes a review of the history of international responses to climate change, highlights the negotiations -- what is agreed, what is outstanding, and where the fault lines exist -- and then examines efforts at integrating climate change into various international institutions. The course includes an examination of how climate change is likely to affect the ability of countries to fulfill their international commitments under other agreements. The course also examines the role of a range of international organizations such as the World Trade Organization, the World Intellectual Property Organization, regional bodies, international river and lake basin organizations, the UN Security Council, and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees Prerequisite - Science of Climate Change and Its Impacts, Climate Change Policy Analysis
425.638 - Adaptation to Climate Change
Global climate change risks are increasingly complex and may ultimately affect virtually every facet of our economic, energy, community and environmental systems. At the same time, policy and investment responses to climate resiliency needs are similarly complex, controversial, and high stakes. Perhaps no issue facing leaders of today and tomorrow is more cross cutting in nature, or in greater need of improved understanding and capability, than climate change risk. This course will provide a comprehensive framework for understanding, assessing and applying climate change risk, vulnerability and hazard assessment for the development of risk reduction and adaptation responses. In the process, it will examine the scope, status, limitations, and strengths of current assessment and action planning approaches across varying sectors, scales and impact areas. The course will also include review of methods for prioritizing actions and addressing feasibility, flexibility, and logistical needs as applied to specific facilities, such as military installations, as well broader communities and multistate regions. Individual and group learning exercises will be involved.
425.639 - International Institutions and Climate Change
This is a European-based course, enabling students to study with staff from the key international institutions involved in climate change policy making and implementation. Possible locations and organizations include UNFCCC secretariat (Bonn), the IUCN Environmental Law Center (Bonn), World Trade Organization (Geneva), UNHCR (Geneva), Joint UNEP/OCHA Environment Unit (Geneva), the European Union (Brussels), UNEP Division of Technology, Industry, and Economics (Paris). Prerequisites: Science of Climate Change and Its Impacts, Climate Change Policy Analysis.
425.640 - The Future of the US Electric System in a Carbon-Constrained World
The course looks at the future of the U.S. electric system and the influence of climate change on it. The class will explore the increasing demands for low-carbon emissions, the need for increased quantity and quality of electric power, cybersecurity requirements, and other related issues. Class topics include constraints on the system such as the need for reliability, affordability, and geographic differences in the system and consumers requirements. The course will assess the strengths and weaknesses of current and next generation technologies expected to transform our Nation's electric infrastructure, e.g., smart grid, renewable and distributed systems, and superconductivity. Students will learn the complexity of renovating this 120-year old system and the promise it holds for the future.
425.641 - Carbon Capture and Storage
The course examines various aspects of carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology for power sector and industrial applications. Students will gain a solid understanding of the role and potential application of CCS for addressing climate change; the technology and science supporting the capture, transport and storage phases; the economics of various CCS applications; legal and regulatory permitting regimes in the United States, European Union, Australia and selected other jurisdictions. Assignments will emphasize practical skills development in financial and risk assessment evaluation.
425.644 - Principles & Applications of Energy Technology II
This course builds on a number of ideas covered in the core EPT course, and as with the first course uses and integrates a broad range of ideas from science, engineering and economics. The course has two distinct but overlapping themes that will be often be covered in parallel. First, the course will broaden and deepen the coverage of the how some of the energy technologies discussed in the core course work, with a slightly more formal discussion and use of ideas from mechanics and thermodynamics, including the role of entropy; a few newer potential technologies, such as fusion and ocean will also be covered. Second the course will extend the coverage of the economics and operation of energy markets to provide a deeper understanding of how to value energy generation assets when facing an uncertain future, on both a stand-alone and integrated basis, and how these considerations play out in real electricity markets, including the role of energy, capacity and ancillary services. The course will include coverage of the potential role of energy storage and/or demand side management in integrating large scale renewable energy into the grid from both an operational and economic perspective.
425.645 - Global Energy Policy
Energy policy is about more than sheer market design. Policy agendas have become increasingly complex, adding sustainability and development to traditional energy security concerns. In response, a patchwork of institutional frameworks have emerged, including clubs (OPEC, IEA), treaties, Energy Charter Treaty (ECT), agencies, International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) or policy networks, Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP). The course introduces students to the global dimensions of energy policy; discusses shifting agendas; and assesses the institutional spectrum of global energy governance.
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